American Eras: Early American Civilizations and Exploration by Gretchen D. Starr-Lebeau

By Gretchen D. Starr-Lebeau

A part of a chain offering certain info at the eras of pre-twentieth century the USA, this quantity comprises articles protecting headlines and headline makers, awards, achievements and different enlightening and interesting evidence on early American civilization.

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An expansive coastal trade in obsidian, a volcanic glass used to make knife blades and other sharp tools, and other goods linked the disparate coastal communities to other farflung societies. C. improvements in hunting and, more particularly, fishing technology led to a large growth in population. Like most coastal Indians and like all hunter-gatherer peoples, the Salishes and the Nootkas migrated from place to place depending on the season. In the summer they lived by the ocean and spent the bulk of their time fishing.

Women raised corn, the chiefdom's most important source of food, on the several floodplains that ran through the chiefdom, and sunflower, squash, beans, nuts, and fruits such as persimmons rounded out the people's vegetable diet. White-tailed deer and bear provided the bulk of meat calories, but men hunted other smaller animals as well. The chiefdom's dependence on corn led to nutritional disorders that archaeologists have found in their examinations of the bones of the Coosa population. A high percentage of corn in the daily diet led to protein deficiencies and anemia.

C. horticulture had reached its northern limit in the Great Lakes area, and it is unknown whether or not the protoCheyennes participated in this green revolution. , however, it is clear the protoCheyennes had moved into present-day Minnesota, where they lived in semisedentary towns protected by fortifications. The women practiced horticulture and gathered wild plants, especially wild rice, while the men hunted buffaloes in the spring and fall. From here the proto-Cheyennes moved in response to population movements in the East that pushed them farther south and west where they became more and more enmeshed in the dual subsistence strategy of farming and hunting that was characteristic of most Plains peoples at the time of contact.

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